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Average Daily water usage

The average person uses 50 gallons of water per day on the following activities:

Toilet - 19 gallons per day - the major water use in the home. If your home was built before 1992 and you haven't replaced your toilets, you probably could benefit from installing high efficiency toilets that use 1.6 gallons per flush or less. A family of four can save 14,00 to 25,000 gallons of water per year by making this change

Bathing and Hygiene - 15 gallons per day

Laundry - 8 gallons per day

Kitchen - 7 gallons per day

Housekeeping - 1 gallon per day


Determining Your Daily Water Usage

You can determine your average daily water use very easy if you have a water meter. Just review your water bill. Divide your water usage by the number of days in the billing period and laso by the number of residents of your household. If your water is measured in cubic feet, convert to gallons by muliplying by 7.48.


Fixtures and Water Use

Vintage Toilet - manufactured before 1978 - uses 4 to 6 gallons per flush

Conventional Toilet - manufactured from 1978 to 1993 - uses 3.5 gallons per flush

Low Consumption Toilet - Manufactured since January 1, 1994 - uses 1.6 gallons per flush

Conventional Shower Head - manufactured before 1978 - uses 3 to 10 gallons per minute

Low Flow Shower Head - Uses 2 to 2.5 gallons per minute

Faucet Aerator - manufactured before 1978 - 3 to 6 gallons per minute

Flow Regulating Aerator - 0.5 to 2.5 gallons per minute

Top Loading Washer - 40 to 55 gallons per load

Front Loading Washer - 22 to 25 gallons per load

Dishwasher - 8 to 12 gallons per load


Repair All Leaks

Leaks can account for , on average, 10,000 gallons of water wasted in the home every year. That is enough to fill a backyard swimming pool.

A Showerhead leaking at 10 drips per minute wastes more than 500 gallons per year. That's enough water to wash 60 loads of dishes in your dishwasher.

If your toilet is running constantly, you could be wasting 200 gallons of water or more every day.

A leaky faucet that drips at the rate of one drip per second can waste more than 3,000 gallons per year. A home with a WaterSense labeled toilets could use that water to flush for six months.

An irrigation system with pressure set at 60 pounds per square inch that has a leak 1/32nd of an inch in diameter (about the thickness of a dime) can waste about 6,300 gallons of water per month.

The amount of water leaked from U.S. homes could exceed more than 1 trillion gallons per year. That is the equivalent to the annual water use of Los Angeles, Chicago, and Miami combined.

Ten percent of homes have leaks that waste 90 gallons or more per day.

A dripping faucet is more than annoying, it is expensive. Just a small leak can waste significant amounts of water. Hot water leaks are a waste of water and the energy used to heat the water.

Leaks inside the toilet can waste up to 200 gallons of water a day.

If you have a leaking faucet or toilet, stop pouring money down the drain and get it fixed.


How To Save Water In The Bathroom

When constructing a new home or remodeling your bathroom, install low consumption toilets.

Install low flow aerators and shower heads. They are inexpensive, easy to install, and save water and energy.

Do not let the faucet flow while brushing your teeth or shaving. Use a glass of water for rinsing teeth.

Take showers instead of tub baths. Consider bathing small children together. If your shower has a single-handle control or shut off valve, turn off the flow while soaping or shampooing.

Leaking tub spout diverter valves should be replaced.

If your toilet is leaking, the cause is most often an old, faulty toilet flapper. Over time, this inexpensive rubber part decays, or minerals build up on it. It's usually best to replace the whole rubber flapper - a relatively easy, inexpensive do-it-yourself project that pays for itself in no time. If you do need to replace teh entire toilet, look for a WaterSense labeled model. If a family of four replaces its older, inefficient toilets with new WaterSense labeled ones, it could save more than 16,000 gallons per year. Retrofitting the house could save the family $2,000 in water and waste water bills over the lifetime of the toilets.


How To Save Water In The Kitchen And Laundry

Use a dishpan or plug the sink for washing and rinsing dishes. Onstall a low flow aerator on all faucets.

Avoid using the heat dry on the dish washer, instead use the air dry option.

Operate the washing machine and dishwasher only when full. Use the proper water level or load size selection on the washing machine.

Washing clothes in cold water saves energy. If your washer is old, you should consider replacing it with an Energy Star qualified washer. Energy Star washers use 35% to 50% less energy per load.


How To Save Water Outside The Home

The watering of lawns and gardens can double normal household water use during the hot, dry summer months. At standard household water pressures, a garden hose will discharge up to 6-1/2 gallons of water per minute. To apply an inch of water to 1,000 square feet of lawn or garden requires 620 gallons of water. Watering should be limited to gardens, and newly planted lawns and landscaped areas. Established lawns and landscape plantings will usually survive without watering. Inadequate watering encourages shallow root growth and increases the risk of mortality. when water is scarce, your community or individual water supply should be reserved for your most essential needs.

Use a broom, not a hose, to clean driveways, steps and sidewalks. If a hose must be used, control teh flow with an automatic shut-off nozzle.

Water your garden during the coolest part of the day. Do not water on windy days.

Use mulch around shrubs and garden plants to reduce evaporation fron teh soil surface and cut down on weed growth.

An irrigation system should be checked each spring before use to make sure it was not damaged by frost or freezing.

Check your garden hose for leaks at its connection to the spigot. If it leaks while your hose is on, replace the rubber hose washer and ensure a tight connection to the spigot using a wrench, pliers, or channel lock pliers.


Detecting Leaks

Common types of leaks found in the home include leaking toilet flappers, dripping faucets and other valves, outdoor sprinkler systems, and water treatment units.

If you think you have a leak, check your water meter before and after a two-hour period when no water is being used. If the meter does not read exactly the same, you probably have a leak.

One way to find out if you have a toilet leak is to place a drop of food coloring in the toilet tank. If the color shows up in the bowl within 15 minutes without flushing, you have a leak. Make sure to flush immediately after this experiment to avoid staining the tank.